Internal security w.r.t border management

“…the first duty of a government is to maintain law and order, so that the life, property and religious beliefs of its subjects are fully protected by the State”
– Quaid-i-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah

Internal security holds pivotal place in national security policy of any country. Pakistan faces extensive internal threats and challenges to its physical and human security, which arise mainly out of  intolerance, extremism, militancy and terrorism – both in the hinterlands and urban areas. Criminal corruption and societal crimes further compound the problem. On the whole, these threats hamper prosperity of the people and progress of the state. Pakistani state and society have suffered huge social, economic, infrastructural and human cost due to militancy and terrorism. The country is today being considered in line with the countries like Iraq and Afghanistan with regard to internal order. Notions like the most dangerous place in the world are oft-appearing
in international media.

Pakistan shares 6,774 kilometers of border with other countries; 2,430 kilometers with Afghanistan, 523 kilometers with China, 2,912 kilometers with India and 909 kilometers with Iran, besides 1046 kilometers of coastline. Amongst these, porous and volatile border with Afghanistan poses the greatest threat in form of illegal movement, smuggling of arms / stolen vehicles, and drug trafficking. 10,000 to 30,000 people cross Chaman and Torkham border points daily, which include legal immigrants, traders, personnel from NGOs and NATO assets. Besides, 5000 to 6000 illegal crossings take place daily using frequented and unfrequented routes. This happens despite the fact that there are some 821 border posts held by Pakistan’s security forces on Pakistani side of the border and around 120 NATO and Afghan posts on Afghan side. The greatest threat along Pak-Afghan border is from movement of militant elements and drug traffickers. To increase control on Pak-Afghan Border, official immigration points along the border should be increased. There is a need to have at least one immigration point for each province so as to check the tendency of illegal crossing. Besides, bio metric system needs to be installed at all official immigration points. Fencing should be carried out in selected areas with electronic sensors, night surveillance capability and vertical checking by establishing posts along the roads leading from border to built-up areas and involvement of community in urban centers. Security is a shared responsibility of state and society. However, it is primary obligation of the state not only to ensure security using all instruments of statecraft but also to take on board all segments of the nation. The kind of complex internal security environment that we live in today cannot be patched up
without breaking foreign nexuses.  This all is possible only if we carry out bold analysis of internal issues facing Pakistan and employ a multi-pronged strategy transparently. If done, the dream of a secure, stable and prosperous chaman borderPakistan can certainly come true.

References and facts:

Internal security strategy of Pakistan !!

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Our Ulema, so called the protector of Islam

( A note from the book dissent of Haari )

The illegal Fatwa During that period, a strange incident took place. A pamphlet signed by sixteen Ulemas led by the late Maulana Abdul Hamid Badayyuni, appeared in the market. In this pamphlet the ulemas alleged that they had read the Note of dissent and were of the opinion that it was un-Islamic and that the writer of the Note had communist leanings. The pamphlet gave a rude shock to the public which was unable to understand as to how the ulemas got hold of the Note of Dissent of which the publication had been banned by the Sind Government. It was suspected that some feudal ministers in the Sind Government had clandestinely passed it to the Ulema. Luckily, concrete evidence became available to Masud against a feudal Minister of the Government who had made an attractive offer to the Ulemas for writing the “fatwa” in the pamphlet.

Tu Idher Udher Ki Na Baat Kar,
Ye Bataa Ke Qaafila Kiun Lutaa???
Mujhay Rahzano Se Gila Nahi,
Teri Rehbari KA Sawal Hay..

Masud served the Sind Government a notice through his lawyer AK Brohi on 6th May, 1949, claiming Rs. 500,000 as damages for defamation. 20 The Central Government was not at all happy at this ugly development and a meeting was held in the office of Liaquat Ali Khan to settle the matter who requested Masud to withdraw his notice and promised to intervene. One month later, Yousaf Haroon became the Chief Minister and was the first Chief Minister of Sind, who did not hail from the feudal class. Finally he ordered the publication of the Note of Dissent on 20th June, 1949. The foolish action of the Sind Government in suppressing the Note and the resultant controversy in the Press and public agitation for over a year, brought to the Note of Dissent wide publicity throughout Pakistan and abroad. Our Ulema are so called the protector of  Islam but in fact they are the seller of Islam and we have to understand that as soon as possible while history is full of their notorious roles cause of shame for us not only as Muslims but as a human too.

– Special thanks to Muneeb khan

Sullen and gloomy december

Nixon felt he owed Pakistan’s military dictator General Yahya Khan a debt of gratitude for his government’s role in facilitating Kissinger’s secret trip to China. Ignoring reports of Pakistan’s military atrocities against Bangladeshi civilians, the U.S. actively supported Pakistan to the extent of violating congressional restrictions  on supplying arms to Pakistani troops. Estimates of the human toll of what became known as the Pakistani Army’s genocide in Bangladesh range from 300,000 to 3 million fatalities according to International sources.

As national security adviser, Kissinger visited both India and Pakistan several times during the Bangladesh crisis and fashioned the “tilt towards Pakistan”—a policy that avoided joining international condemnation of Pakistan’s actions in East Pakistan without expressly supporting them—that Nixon probably demanded. Nixon did not want “Soviet stooge” India to overrun “U.S. ally Pakistan” and wanted to spare the Pakistani Army from humiliation. In the end most of Nixon’s and Kissinger’s exertions proved futile. On December 16, 1971, Indian forces marched triumphantly into Dhaka, the capital of East Pakistan, where Pakistan’s army laid down its arms. Ninety thousand Pakistani troops, civilian officials, and allies became prisoners of war. The People’s Republic of Bangladesh was born and was, after some hesitation, recognized by the United States.

Although the United States, with Soviet help, had prevented India from overrunning West Pakistan as well, it received no gratitude from Pakistan for its efforts. The Indians claimed that they had no plans of doing that anyway, whereas the Pakistanis resented the United States for not stepping in with guns blazing to help save the country’s eastern wing. Meanwhile, the Indians often recall America’s failure to scare them from supporting the Bangladeshis. Nixon had ordered the U.S. Navy’s Sixth Fleet to move to the Bay of Bengal to psych out India, though the fleet was instructed not to engage in conflict. The Bangladeshis to this day remember that the U.S. supported Pakistan’s army as it committed atrocities against them.

Since its birth in 1947, Pakistan has lived in constant turmoil. Conceived as a democracy, it has been ruled by the military for half its life. Engaged in off-and-on talks with its traditional foe India, its leaders have deep suspicions of the fellow nuclear power next door that continue to drive national priorities. Even as it allows notorious Islamic militants to operate on its soil, the world’s sixth-most populous nation has developed an emerging middle class as well as an increasingly independent judiciary and news media. It is both a fragile state and a modernizing society.

A life full of tragedies

He is a freedom fighter and leading Kashmir movement on front-line and serves as the Chairman of Jammu Kashmir Liberation Front Since 1995, lately he renounced violence and calls for strictly peaceful methods to come to a settlement on the Kashmir conflict and started a guerilla war with the Indian security forces, kidnapping the Daughter of Rubbaya saeed, the daughter of Indian Home Minister, and targeting attacks on the government and security officials. In March 1990, Ashfaq Wani was killed in a battle with Indian security forces. In August 1990, Yasin Malik was captured in a wounded condition. He was imprisoned until May 1994. Hamid Sheikh was also captured in 1992 but released by the border security force to counteract the pro-Pakistan guerillas. By 1992, the majority of the JKLF militants were killed or captured and they were yielding ground to pro-Pakistan guerilla groups such as the Hizb-ul-Mujahideen, strongly promoted by the Pakistani military authorities.

In October 1999, Malik was arrested by Indian Authorities under the Public Safety Act and was again arrested on March 26, 2002 under the POTA; Yasin married Pakistani artist Mushaal Hussein Mullick in 2009.They became parents to a girl named Raziyah Sultana in March 2012 , he was detained for almost a year. On 4 December 2013, JKLF claimed that Malik was thrown out of a hotel in New Delhi with his wife and 18-month-old daughter due to his political Ideology separation.

Currently he is leading Kashmir movement courageously and the picture shown here is taken on his bail after four years in which even he was not allowed ed to see her daughter.. what a man and what a sacrifice for his mission for his nation !! his efforts couldn’t be forgotten for a long time of period ,  Yasin malik a name of freedom and courage !!!

China’s WW2 parade caused more shame onto humanity’s shoulders

Wars, although destructive in nature, possess the unique ability to rejuvenate and conciliate nations. The memory of war wipes away divisions within the collective that experienced it and leads to the creation of what Eric Hobsbawm refers to as “invented traditions”. Remembering war binds citizens together; mothers no matter which ethnic, religious or dissenting group they belong to mourn the loss of their sons in battle and fathers stand together as their chests swell with pride at the honour their sons brought to the country. Therefore, within a collective of different people, a shared cultural edifice is formed.

So, remembering war is good for the people of the country psychologically. The parade in China today, however, is marked in a very different hue. It was more boastful than mournful. It was a show of strength, not an opportunity to mourn. The world has been invited to watch as China flexes its militaristic muscle in a ring in which it is the only player. China’s message is simple and clear: I am powerful. Look at my helicopters and missiles. Look at my allies marching with me. I am at the forefront in Asia. Look at everything I have. Japan, are you watching? America, can you see this? India, who’re you kidding… Under the guise of inclusion, this is a clear affront to Japan; Prime Minister Shinzo Abe did not attend the spectacle. Not only did this make Japan uncomfortable, it was a difficult situation for the West as well because it felt that the parade was a self-serving political act. What is particularly peculiar is Pakistan’s enthusiasm in the whole thing. Although Pakistan has protested against India’s plans to organise a carnival in the name of the 1965 war, it underwent no hesitation in being part of China’s glorification ceremony.

Two different wars, same sentiment. Open your eyes, Pakistan.

Does no one remember how the Second World War ended? I’ll remind you. With Hiroshima and Nagasaki being bombed into oblivion. That episode is the only instance of nuclear weapons being used for warfare in history. Do we really need to parade around in tanks, fighter jets and missiles in remembrance of the lowest point in human history? Why did no one cry for humanity today in Beijing? Why did no one reflect on the miseries of war? Why were weapons worshipped like gods?

9/11 effects on Pakistan

The end of the post 9/11 decade is bringing forth mixed reactions from around the world. It is commonly held that these attacks and their resulting policies have resulted in the establishment of a New World Order. However it can also be said that certain other events occuring in the same decade have perhaps had more far-reaching consequences than 9/11.

No other state equates with Pakistan in the monumental repercussions of 9/11. Out of a total loss of about 35000 lives, security personnel constitute a staggering 3500, which in itself is more than the total victims of 9/11 as well as 30 percent more than the total number of NATO troops killed in Afghanistan to date.Economically, direct or indirect losses amount to 67 billion US dollars, a figure far too great for a developing state to afford. Pakistan has lost its sovereignty over a large territory in the North West. As the economically devastated US plans an exit strategy from Afghanistan, there seems no exit from terrorism and state failure in sight for Pakistan.

The heart of the matter lies in the simple question, ‘Is the War on Terror our War?’ Religious parties and a significant section of the public declare it America’s war and argue for complete withdrawal of Pakistan from the ‘War on Terror’. Usually those associated with the corridors of power, along with some from the educated class, approve of the war as the better circumstantial option because Pakistan is too weak to take the US head on. The third category belongs to some politicians, liberal intelligentsia and political activists who not only own it as Pakistan’s war but consider it mandatory for Pakistan’s survival and prosperity. Building a consensus on the ‘War on Terror’ should be the highest national priority, which can afford no more delay.In fact, the struggle against terrorism existed in Pakistan even before 9/11 and will remain so after America’s exit from Afghanistan. For better or worse, 9/11 essentially brought us to the crossroads where the state had make a choice between supporting or abandoning militancy.

Religious militancy : Today, the world is speaking of moving on from the post 9/11 situation but we in Pakistan don’t seem ready for this. The end of militancy in Pakistan is not only requisite for American troops’ withdrawal from Afghanistan but also pivotal for Pakistan’s bright future. Religious militancy has almost become a civilizational problem for us. The situation is ripe, as until now, the ever needed international consensus against militancy always seemed missing. Time is running out to act decisively against terrorism. Failing to do so could lead to more 9/11′s, more wars, and immeasurable civilian sufferings.

Pakistan’s command and control system safest in the world

Renowned nuclear scientist Dr Samar Mubarakmand on Thursday said Pakistan’s command and control system is the latest and safest in the world, according to Radio Pakistan

“Regardless of the numerous attacks, terrorists were unable to reach Pakistan’s nuclear assets,” Mubarakmand said.

He added while speaking on a programme that “International Atomic Energy Agency has already declared our assets safe.”

Further, Major General (retd) Athar Abbas who was also a part of the programme stated “there should be no doubt about the safety of our nuclear assets as they are in safe hands.”

Earlier, a report produced by two American think tanks claimed that Pakistan could have at least 350 nuclear weapons within the next five to 10 years, making it the world’s third-largest nuclear stockpile.

The report by the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace and the Stimson Center states Pakistan is rapidly expanding its nuclear capabilities owing to a fear of India.

However, Pakistan rejected the report as ‘utterly baseless’, adding that Pakistan’s policy is characterised by the utmost restraint and responsibility.

Status of women in Pakistan

“No nation can rise to the height of glory unless their women are side by side with them…It is crime against humanity that our women are shut up with in the four walls of the houses as prisoners. There is no sanction anywhere for the deplorable condition in which our women have to live.”… Muhammad Ali Jinnah, Father of the Nation.

According to facts we come to know that even after so much empowerment giving to women in last decades we are still considered as backward in perspective of giving rights to women. As we know or not we are considered as male abscessed country as a nation. We have just 21.3% women in our parliament and 23% in labor force. As of 2010, the literacy rate of females in Pakistan is at 39.6 percent compared to that of males at 67.7 percent. More recent statistics provided by the UNICEF – shows that female education amongst 15-24 year olds has increased substantially to 61.5% – an increase of 45%. Male education is at a steady rate of 71.2%. That statistics clearly define us and shows the World that so far we have done a great job. Females are educated equally like Males in urban areas such as Lahore, Islamabad and Karachi. However, in rural areas, the education rate is substantially lower. This has begun to change with the issuance of government policy, by PTI , in which 70% of new schools are built for girls and that is his approach and it is appreciable.

As far as statistics shows we are going on a right path giving rights to women but still we have to do a lot as a nation and stop these women’s right violations Studies done by several organizations show that has been a 13% increase in violence against women in Pakistan in the year 2009. Rape, gang rape, domestic violations ,honor killings (Karo Kari), vani (exchange of women in settling the disputes), and forced/child marriages are some examples of women’s rights violations that have occurred in Pakistan. Honor killing, or Karo Kari, is one example of the many violent actions against women especially, in Pakistani society. Honor killing occurs when a family member because they have dishonored the family with acts that are viewed as immoral. There is also the common and accepted domestic voilance , in which husbands beat their wives when upset. In addition to this form of violence against women, their rights in rural areas are even fewer as women are plagued with fear of acid attacks etc.

Here are some notable Pakistani women :

Malala Yousafzai  is a Pakistani girl who stood up for the education of young girls and was shot by the Taliban.  Due to the amount of press coverage after the shooting, people around the world gained awareness for the lack of girls receiving a formal education in many countries.  Due to the amount of press coverage after the shooting, people around the world gained awareness for the lack of girls receiving a formal education in many countries. Before get shooted Malala is widely known as a good blogger and appreciated too as she was writing for girls since she was only 11 years old. She got so many prizes after that and got a Nobel prize too with Kylash satyarthi.

Ayesha Farooq is the first woman assigned to one of Pakistan’s front line fighter squadrons. The sky was never the limit for 26-year-old Ayesha Farooq who created history by becoming Pakistan’s front line fighter squadrons. Hailing from Bahawalpur, she is one of the 19 women who have achieved the rank of pilot in the Pakistan Air Force over the last decade — there are five other female fighter pilots but they have yet to take the final tests to qualify for combat.

She has become an inspiration of so many girls now and on Defense day a special tribute is given to him and we prove in actual words that we are not male obsessed country and rising to the heights of glory when women are side by side with us as exactly Quaid told us….!!!!

Syrian refugees , Europe and Muslim countries

The role of Europe in accepting or welcoming refugees from Syria is widely discussed in these days  as they are only one who accept wholeheartedly Syrian refugees while the whole rest of the World stop them on their boundaries. That approach is not true actually as the information says us and when we look on facts and figures.

Some details about countries who open their gates for refugees of Syria and accept them with all their heart ; are mentioned here,

No of refugees accepted by Turkey : 2000,000  ( 2 million )

No of refugees accepted by Lebanon : 1100000 ( 1.1 million )

No of refugees accepted by Jordan : 650000 ( 0.65 million )

No of refugees accepted by Iraq : 250000 ( 0.25 million )

No of refugees accepted by Egypt : 132000 ( 0.132 million )

No of refugees accepted by Libya : 24000 ( 24 thousand )

Now by calculating all above figures we get to know that overall 41,56,ooo ( 4.1 million) refugees accepted by all Muslim countries and Europe as a whole accept 1,50,000 ( 1.5 million ) refugees. So, get to know that Muslim countries are not as bad as they are representing by media but Who saw a peacock dance in the woods?

Its all about  game of media nothing is as good as it shows on media, Europe role is more than good and appreciable as they accept Muslims and the Role of Saudi Arabia and United Arab Emirates ( U.A.E ) is shameful and condemn-able but that certainly doesn’t mean all Muslim countries do that ( accept refugees ) , facts shows 4.1 million people accepted by Muslim countries which are more than double as accepted by Europe.

A Good Gesture

Finally it seems like that Pakistan is going on a right path at last and army role is very positive and need a lot of appreciation as not coming to politics directly like other previous Generals. According to details shared by top officials in the Pakistan Muslim League-Nawaz, the prime minister has assigned the task to various institutions, including the Federal Board of Revenue (FBR), to get information regarding assets details of his party’s key leaders as well as federal and provincial cabinet members. Sources said the PM has categorically asked to let him know of all cases where the income and assets are beyond any lawmaker’s means. Sources said the PM, after poring over these details, would give the go-ahead to anti-corruption watchdogs to take action against graft-tainted individuals. The prime minister issued these instructions after consulting Punjab Chief Minister Shahbaz Sharif and other close aides during his three-day stay in Lahore.

They said the prime minister made this decision in order to dispel the impression that the federal government has not taken any action against corrupt elements in the PML-N and the Punjab province. Finance Minister Ishaq Dar recently said the campaign against corruption would be across the board and hinted at its beginning in Punjab.

That’s a very positive step and rouses hopes in people of Pakistan that something good is happening and we are finally doing right steps for the glory of our country and we will give “Roshan Pakistan” to our children , a corruption free Pakistan and they will see it happenings In sha Allah.